San Gimignano erge with the profile of its towers, on a hill (m.334) to dominion of the Val d' Elsa. Center of a small Etruscan village of hellenistic period (III-II sec. a.C.) start its history around to X the century taking the name of the Saint Vescovo of Modena: Saint Gimignano, that the village from the barbaric horde.
It had great development during the Middle Ages thanks to the way Francigena that crossed it. Saint Gimignano had an extraordinary closing of art works that adorned churches and convents. In the 1199 become free common, it fought against the Bishops of Volterra and the near common, it suffered fights registers some dividend in two factions to the continuation of the Ardinghelli (guelfi) and the Salvucci (Ghibelline).
Eight May 1300 accommodated Dante Alighieri, ambaciatore of the alloy guelfa in Tuscany. The terrible plague on 1348 threw Saint Gimignano in one serious crisis. The citizen had therefore to submit itself to Florence. From the degradation and abandonment of the centuries succeeded to you he only exited himself when he began himself discovered the beauty of the city, its cultural importance and the original agricultural identity.